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The Far West region of New South Wales , Australia refers generally to a fairly flat and low-lying area in the western part of the state, which is too dry to support wheat or other crops or intensive pastoral endeavours. It is an area with limited rainfall, and the only major rivers found in it are the Darling River and the Murray River on its southern edge , which originate in the Great Dividing Range to the east. The region corresponds to the combination of the Australian Bureau of Meteorology 's forecast areas of Upper Western and Lower Western. Ninety-five per cent of the region is uncleared. During good seasons in the s and s, large sheep stations were established with high stocking rates, partly in response to a widespread belief that the introduction of European agriculture would cause climate change in favour of European conditions. This ' rain follows the plough ' myth was shattered by the droughts of the s, and many of the stations established during this period were subsequently abandoned.
The region is geographically in eastern New South Wales, in the area west of the Blue Mountains , which are west of Sydney. Major population and service centres in the Central West include the cities of Bathurst , Orange and Dubbo ; and the large towns of Lithgow , Cowra , Mudgee and Parkes. The following local government areas are contained within the region:.