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Sri Lankan Tamil dialects
They are partly descended from workers sent from South India to Sri Lanka in the 19th and 20th centuries to work in coffee , tea and rubber plantations. Some also migrated on their own as merchants and as other service providers. These Tamil -speakers mostly live in the central highlands, also known as the Malayakam or Hill Country yet others are also found in major urban areas and in the Northern Province. Although they are all termed as Tamils today, some have Telugu and Malayalee origins as well as diverse South Indian caste origins. They are instrumental in the plantation sector economy of Sri Lanka. In general, socio-economically their standard of living is below that of the national average and they are described as one of the poorest and most neglected groups in Sri Lanka. By the s most of these had been given Sri Lankan citizenship. Most are Hindus with a minority of Christians and Muslims amongst them. There are also a small minority followers of Buddhism among them. Politically they are supportive of trade union -based political parties that have supported most of the ruling coalitions since the s.
It can be said to be a subset of the larger Sri Lankan and Tamil diaspora. In foreign lands under British rule, the British needed obedient, trusted, hard-working and skillful people to take up government posts, mainly as clerks. This led to the first wave of migrations by the Tamils to countries such as Malaysia then Malaya , Singapore and the then Madras Presidency in India. Ceylonese Tamils made up an overwhelming majority in the civil service of British Malaya and Singapore prior to independence. It was in Malaysia and Singapore , that the term "Ceylonese" and "Jaffnese" were popularly used by the Sri Lankan Tamils to differentiate themselves from the larger Malaysian Indian and Indian Singaporean population who were predominantly of Tamil origin but as of today, they are considered a sub-ethnic of these races in the respective national censuses of their adoptive countries due to the similarities of religion, ethnicity, and language with the local ethnic Indian population of Tamil origin. After the Pangkor Treaty of , the British embarked upon the construction of roads, railways, schools, hospitals, and government offices in the Malay Peninsular, to develop the country and to increase its revenue. In Kuala Lumpur , the Ceylon Tamil population was mainly concentrated in Brickfields and Sentul because of the proximity of the Administrative Centre of the Malayan Railway opposite the railway station and the Sentul Workshop.
Wijetunga — Chandrika Kumaratunga — Beginning on 23 July , there was an intermittent insurgency against the government by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam the LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers , which fought to create an independent Tamil state called Tamil Eelam in the north and the east of the island. After a year military campaign, the Sri Lankan military defeated the Tamil Tigers in May , bringing the civil war to an end.
Sri Lanka war: I wanted 'my side' to lose
Following the former president's return to power, international community needs to take urgent action to protect Tamils. This sudden challenge to Sri Lanka's regime blindsided some political observers and members of the international community. To those for whom the political upheaval matters the most, however, it came as no surprise. Mahinda Rajapaksa was feared by political opponents, his critics and the Tamil-speaking people on the island during his ten-year reign between Under his rule, activists, journalists and politicians with opposing views were harassed, intimidated, abducted and even murdered.